The Sierra del Pilar was the fortieth conviction of a slave ship by the Havana Slave Trade Commission. This Spanish schooner, under the command of Miguel de Oliveira, was "bought in December last  at the Cape de Verde Islands." From there, it went to Lagos loaded with a cargo of gunpowder and "other merchandise." On 18 March 1839, this ship sailed from Africa with 255 people on board and 40 individuals died during the middle passage.
On 4 June, the HMS sloop Pickle, under the command of Frederick Holland, chased this ship for several hours off the south coast of Cuba, until it ran aground on the Isle of Pines. After, the captain and the crew escape on shore with 35 enslaved Africans. Holland set fire to the Sierra del Pilar, which was damaged beyond repair, and took 180 enslaved Africans to Havana, where they were placed on board the Romney. From the point of capture and through the trial, another 8 people died. On 21 June, the court declared the ship engaged in the illegal slave trade and issued emancipation certificates for 172 people.
The removal of people from the Sierra del Pilar from Havana to Grenada occurred "the day after the receipt of emancipation certificates." All 172 people from this ship went to Grenada on board the Louis Frederick. On 12 August, the Louis Frederick returned to Havana "after fulfilling her engagement." It remains unclear how many people, if any, died during this voyage.
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