Map showing the location of Congo River, Havana, Nassau and point of capture for the Antoñica, 1837

Voyage Map

The Antoñica was the thirty eighth conviction of a slave ship by the Havana Slave Trade Commission. This Spanish schooner, under the command of Geronimo Giscafre, began its voyage at Havana and set sail for the Congo River on 30 June 1836 loaded with a cargo of cotton goods, aguardiente, muskets and "some other effects." On 29 April 1837, this ship sailed from Africa with 185 people on board and 2 individuals died during the middle passage.


On June 7, the HMS brig Racer, under the command of James Hope, detained this ship off of Cape Cruz on the south side of Cuba around N19°78 and W78°42. Instead of taking these people to Havana, Hope unloaded them directly in Nassau "for their health." The Spanish judge opposed this decision because it violated the treaty "without the permission of the Mixed Court of Justice." Regardless, these 183 people remained in the Bahamas.

Havana Trial

On 11 September, the trial of the Antoñica ended in Havana. The court condemned this slave vessel and required emancipation certificates for 183 people, which was completed at Nassau (as the register indicates).

In late 1839, this case, along with the Caridad Cubana, was used to reason why the practice of making registers should be discontinued. It proved to be too "much labor... to comply exactly with the letter of the Treaty, when no object could be attained but giving unnecessary trouble." The Antoñica register was originally not made "precisely according to the accustomed forms [and was] required to be sent back [to Nassau] for correction."

Trial Summary

Thumbnail of Document for a Trial Summary


FO 313/62 Version

FO 84 Unavailable

Excel Database

Register Statistics

Graph of the statistics for the register of the Antoñica, 1837

Table of the statistics for the register of the Antoñica, 1837

Additional Resources

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