María

Map showing the location of Cádiz, Bonny, Havana and the point of capture of the María, 1835

Voyage Map


The María was the twenty sixth conviction of a slave ship by the Havana Slave Trade Commission. This Spanish schooner, under the command of Francisco Garcia and Ananias Rodriguez, began its voyage at Cádiz on 28 July 1834 loaded with a cargo of spirits, but purchasing cotton goods, fowling and gunpowder at Gibraltar on the way to West Africa. On 25 November, this ship sailed from Africa with 368 people on board and 22 individuals died during the middle passage.


On 14 January 1835, the HMS sloop Cruiser, under the command of James Vashon Baker, detained this ship off Salt Key in the Old Bahama Channel around N22°10 and W75°50. On 18 January, Baker arrived to Havana, where another 6 people died during the trial. On 26 January, the court condemned this slave vessel for sale and issued emancipation certificates for 340 people.


Resettlement to Trinidad


The decision to remove people on the María from Havana to Trinidad ties into the case of the Julita, which arrived to Havana. There was a discussion to send off all "the Females of the Carlota, María and Julita with an equal number of males." Nobody from the Carlota went to Trinidad because they were suffering from "choleric symptoms."


On 24 February, 304 people boarded the Spanish ketch Moratin and went to Trinidad. This convoy included 60 females and 60 males from the María, as well as 91 females and 93 males from the Julita. They arrived to Trinidad on 11 March in "tolerable health." The sick were sent to the hospital and two people died during the passage.


At this time, the Governor of Trinidad approved the resettlement of other Liberated Africans from Cuba. He stated that he "shall be glad to receive many more Africans [and he ] should not have the least difficulty in locating several thousands, to whom would be secured humane and kind treatment in return for moderate and habitual labor, by which this interesting colony would be much benefited."


Please note that some "Resettlement Resources" are repeated on the Julita page.

Trial Summary


Thumbnail of Document for a Trial Summary

Register Statistics

Graph of the statistics for the register of the María, 1835

Table showing the statistics for the register of the María, 1835

Table showing more statistics for the register of the María, 1835

Table showing more statistics for the register of the María, 1835

Table showing more statistics for the register of the María, 1835

Trinidad Statistics

Graph of the statistics for the register of people sent to Trinidad

Table showing the statistics for the register of the people sent to Trinidad

Table showing the people sent to Trinidad from the María

Table showing the people sent to Trinidad from the María

Table showing the people sent to Trinidad from the María

Analysis of Documented African Names (Trinidad)

For more information related to the analysis of documented African names click here

Pie chart showing the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Eyó sent to Trinidad

Table showing the statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Eyó sent to Trinidad

Table showing more statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Eyó sent to Trinidad


Pie chart showing the analysis of documented African names for Arará Magí sent to Trinidad

Table showing the statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Arará Magí sent to Trinidad

Table showing more statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Arará Magí sent to Trinidad


Please note the names data for people sent to Trinidad from the María is currently unavailable.

Additional Resources

There are no additional resources at this time.