The Águila was the eighteenth conviction of a slave ship by the Havana Slave Trade Commission. This Spanish schooner-brig, under the command of Juan Ferrer y Roig, began its voyage at Havana and set sail for Loango on 23 December 1831 loaded with cotton-goods, aguardiente and gunpowder. On 26 April 1832, the ship sailed from Africa with 659 people on board and 43 individuals died during the middle passage.
On 3 June, the HMS sloop Speedwell, under the command of William Warren, detained this slave ship "after a running fight of more than an hour" to the southeast of Isla de los Piños (Juventude) around N21°30 and W83°. There was sufficient water and provisions for the voyage, although another 12 people died before reaching Havana and another 8 died during the trial. On 18 June, the court condemned the vessel for sale and issued emancipation certificates for 596 people.
On 18 July, the Cuban newspaper Diario published two official notices. The first was requesting a person "to inspect the state and treatment of the emancipated Negroes during the time they may remain in the government barracon [barracks] previously to being apprenticed out." The second informed the public that 200 people from the Águila had been "assigned to public corporations and the remainder "distributed among private individuals."
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