Orestes

Map showing Ouidah, Havana and point of capture of the Orestes, 1826

Voyage Map


The Orestes was the fifth conviction of a slave ship by the Havana Slave Trade Commission. This Spanish brigantine, under the command of José Ramon Mutio, began its voyage at Havana on 20 July 1825 and set sail for Ouidah. On 9 January 1826, this ship sailed from Africa with 285 people on board and 26 individuals died during the middle passage.


On 28 February, the Orestes had run aground near the Grasscut Keys on the Great Bahama Bank around N23°40 and W77°20. Stranded for several days without water, this ship was stuck on the reef and could not be set afloat. On 5 March, the HMS schooner Speedwell, under the command of James C. Bennett, found this vessel, put all the surviors on board and sailed them back to Havana to await trial. During the trial, Mutio died, along with another 47 enslaved Africans likely from dehydration and poor health. On 15 March 1826, the court declared the ship abandoned and issued emancipation certificates for the surviving 212 people.

Trial Summary


Thumbnail of Document for a Trial Summary

Register Statistics

Graph of the statistics for the register of the Orestes, 1826

Table showing the statistics for the register of the Orestes, 1826

Analysis of Documented African Names

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Pie chart showing the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Elló

Table showing the statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Elló

Table showing more statistics for the analysis of documented African names for Lucumí Elló


Additional Names Data

Arará Cuatro Ojos: 2/1 Yoruba males/female, 1 Edo male, 1 male not yet identified

Additional Resources

Baptism Records

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The Church of Jesús María y José

  • 1827/06/01, Cornelio Lucumí Elló, under the charge of Doña Dolores Maritalon of the Real Arsenal, padrino José María Nabasco? moreno criollo, priest Juan Lucinando de Toro - Source: vol. 6, p. 194-194v, #1625

  • 1827/06/01, Roque Lucumí, under the charge of Señor Coronel D. Luis Antonio Ruis, padrino Don Antonio de Alda, priest José Miguel Suarez - Source: vol. 7, p. 9, #100